Backgammon Articles

 
List of Authors

•  ABT (2)
•  Adams, Rob
•  Albert, Jim
•  Anonymous (11)
•  Ash, Greg (2)
•  Backgammon Online
•  Backgammon Times (2)
•  Backgammon.org
•  Backgren, Peter
•  Bagai, Jeremy (3)
•  Ballard, Nack (9)
•  Bar Point
•  Barnhart, Joy Lee
•  Barr, Ted
•  Barto, Andrew G.
•  Bastian, Kevin
•  Beadle, Mark
•  Beadles, Patti
•  Becker, Bruce (5)
•  Bell, Peter
•  Benjamin, Arthur (2)
•  Berger, Frank
•  Berkeley
•  Berliner, Hans (5)
•  Bidal, Jay
•  Bigot, Bernard
•  Bjornstad, Allan
•  Blair
•  Blath, Jochen
•  Bond, Ralph A.
•  Bower, Chuck (9)
•  Boyden, Elizabeth Clark
•  Boyer, C.J.
•  Bradshaw, Jon (9)
•  Brandt, George
•  Bray, Chris (6)
•  Brokaw, Clare Boothe
•  Buro, Michael
•  Cattanach, Gregg
•  Chabot, Michelin (4)
•  Charmoy, Philippe H. A.
•  Chow, Timothy (4)
•  Ciaffone, Bob (3)
•  Clark, Marcia
•  Clark, Stephen
•  Collins, Ed (2)
•  Condos, Vassilis
•  Cooke, Barclay (11)
•  Cooke, Bob
•  Cotton, Charles
•  Crane, Michael (8)
•  Crawford, John R. (11)
•  Crawley, Captain
•  Dahl, Fredrik
•  Dalvi, Ashutosh
•  Damish, Mark (3)
•  Dave Frary
•  Davis, Bill (10)
•  Derryberry, DeWayne
•  Deyong, Lewis (3)
•  Dionne, Roger
•  Driver, Mark (10)
•  Durrett, Rick
•  Encyclopedia Britannica
•  Flanagan, Steve
•  Fletcher, David
•  Floyd, Bob (4)
•  Friedman, Roy (2)
•  Frigo, Frank (2)
•  Gambling Online Magazine
•  Games Magazine
•  GamesGrid (2)
•  GammonSite
•  GammonVillage
•  Gay, Dean
•  Gerace, Ric (2)
•  Gibson, Patrick
•  Gillis, Harvey (2)
•  Goldfarb, Fran (2)
•  Goulding, Kent (10)
•  Grater, Art
•  Hagendorn, Rick
•  Hansen, Michael Bo
•  Hattersley, Lelia
•  Heinrich, Hal
•  Heisman, Dan (2)
•  Herman, Steve
•  Herrera, Roland
•  Hervén, Markus
•  Heuler, Oliver
•  Hevesi, Dennis
•  Hickey, Bob
•  Hickey, Mary (17)
•  Higgins, Mark
•  Hisako
•  Hiss, William J.
•  Hoffman, Grant
•  Hoffman, Jackie
•  Hollands, Roy
•  Hopper, Millard
•  Horowitz, Gaby (11)
•  Hoyle, Edmond
•  Hristov, Iancho
•  Huebener, Hardy (6)
•  Inter-Club League of New
   York

•  International Backgammon
   Association
(2)

•  Jacobs, Jake (9)
•  Jacoby, Oswald (13)
•  Janowski, Rick (2)
•  Japanese Backgammon
   League

•  Jeff Hayes
•  Jensen, Peter Max Friis (4)
•  Kato, Hideo
•  Katsikopoulos,
   Konstantinos V.

•  Katz, Stu
•  Keeler, Emmet
•  Keith, Tom (31)
•  Kennedy, Bill
•  Kerr, Neville
•  Khatchadourian, Raffi
•  Kissane, Jack
•  Kleinman, Danny (21)
•  Kobliska, Gary
•  Koca, Bob (3)
•  Konik, Michael
•  Kuczynski, Alex
•  Kulseth, Stein (4)
•  Labins, Mike (2)
•  Lamford, Paul (3)
•  Landwehr, Bob
•  Las Vegas Backgammon
   Magazine
(6)

•  Las Vegas Review Journal
•  Leibowitz, David
•  Levenstein, Max
•  Levermann, Johannes
•  Levi, Les B. (5)
•  Levick, Ben
•  Levner, David
•  Levy, David
•  Lezard, Tony
•  Liardet, Fabrice (4)
•  Lighton, Rodney
•  Longacre, John
•  Ly, Danny
•  Mabardi, Georges
•  Madsen, Lasse H.
•  Maffeo, Nick
•  Magriel, Paul (4)
•  Mannon, Mike
•  Mary (3)
•  Master Games
•  Masters, James
•  Matussek, Joachim
•  Mayeron, Candace Nyles
•  McCollough, Kate
•  McIntosh, Richard (2)
•  Meese, Butch (5)
•  Merrigan, Nigel (2)
•  Money, Paul (10)
•  Montgomery, David (3)
•  Morawski, Vic
•  Morioka, Takao
•  Mörters, Peter
•  Nathan, Jerry (4)
•  New York Times
•  Nicholas, Grosvenor (2)
•  Nielsen, Karsten (8)
•  Oasya SA
•  Ortega, Antonio (8)
•  Pasko, Jim (2)
•  Patz, Anthony
•  Play65 (2)
•  Pollack
•  Posner, Kathy (3)
•  Racquet and Tennis Club,
   New York

•  Ramer, Arthur
•  Reichert, Axel
•  Reklaitis, Matt
•  Rice, Stick (3)
•  Richard, Walter L.
•  Richards, Stanley
•  Robertie, Bill (50)
•  Roman, Bruce (11)
•  Rosenfeld, Patti
•  Ross, Andrew M. (2)
•  Scott, Jay
•  Sejnowski, T.J.
•  Selrahc, B.
•  Sengoku, Sho (6)
•  Senkiewicz, Mike (5)
•  Seret, Jean-Luc (2)
•  Short, Martin (5)
•  Shrake, Edwin (2)
•  Silver, Albert (4)
•  Silverstein, Lee
•  Simborg, Phil (64)
•  Simon, Burt
•  Simsek, Ozgur
•  Sjoqvist, Anders
•  Skillman, Beth (2)
•  Snowie
•  Soubeyrand, Catherine
•  Spencer, Joel
•  Steg, Albert
•  Stenlund, Andre
•  Stephens, Paul (2)
•  Stocks, Adam
•  Storer, Marty
•  Strato, Michael (10)
•  Sutton, Richard S.
•  Tait, Carl
•  Tanenbaum, Paul
•  Tardieu, François (2)
•  Tesauro, Gerald (6)
•  Thorne, Harold (2)
•  Thorp, Edward O. (3)
•  Todorov, Svilen
•  Townsend, Robert (4)
•  Trice, Walter (12)
•  Turner, Stephen
•  USBGF Rules and Ethics
   Committee

•  University of Waterloo (2)
•  Urquhart, Robert
•  Vaughan, C. Wheaton
•  Veldhuizen, Robert-Jan
•  Viau, Pierre (2)
•  Wachtel, Robert
•  Walling, William H.
•  Wang, Morten
•  Ward, Jeff (10)
•  Wattson, Henry
•  Wattson, Kate
•  Weaver, Paul (2)
•  Webb, Alan
•  Weintraub, Jeremy
•  Wikipedia (4)
•  Williams, Sean
•  WinningBackgammon.info
•  Winslow, Elliott
•  Wong, Gary
•  Woodhead, Simon
•  Woolsey, Kit (72)
•  Yahoo Games
•  Yanko, V.H.
•  Youngerman, Hank (12)
•  Zadeh, Norman (2)
•  Zamanian, Alex (2)
•  Zare, Douglas (17)
•  Çağman, Naim
A
ABT
2009:   U.S. Backgammon Tournament Rules and Procedures (2009).
COMPETITION / TOURNAMENT RULES
2013:   U.S. Backgammon Clock Rules and Procedures (2013).
COMPETITION / TOURNAMENT RULES
Adams, Rob
2005:   Cube Efficiency.
CUBE HANDLING / CUBE THEORY
Albert, Jim
1996:   Introduction to Probability.
TACTICS / PROBABILITY
Anonymous
1981:   America's Giant 32.
MISCELLANEOUS / HONORS
2001:   DBgF Tournament Rules.
COMPETITION / TOURNAMENT RULES
2009:   Backgammon Camp.
STUDY / BLOGS
2010:   Masters of Backgammon.
MISCELLANEOUS / BIOGRAPHIES
2010:   The Origin of Backgammon.
GENERAL / HISTORY
2011:   Backgammon for Beginners.
STUDY / BLOGS
2011:   Dubrovnik Backgammon.
STUDY / BLOGS
2014:   St Albans Chouette Rules.
COMPETITION / CHOUETTES
2015:   Connecticut Backgammon Club chouette rules.
COMPETITION / CHOUETTES
2015:   UKBGF Tournament Rules.
COMPETITION / TOURNAMENT RULES
2016:   European Backgammon Federation Tournament Rules.
COMPETITION / TOURNAMENT RULES
Ash, Greg
1997:   Backgammon ACT Chouette Rules.
COMPETITION / CHOUETTES
1997:   Backgammon ACT Tournament Rules.
COMPETITION / TOURNAMENT RULES
B
Backgammon Online
2010:   Backgammon Players.
MISCELLANEOUS / BIOGRAPHIES
Backgammon Times
1982:   Master's Panel Updated.
STUDY / QUIZZES
1982:   The Trial (and Tribulations) of Oregon Promoter Ted Barr.
COMPETITION / LUCK VS SKILL
Backgammon.org
2008:   Interview With The Backgammon Player Phil Simborg.
MISCELLANEOUS / BIOGRAPHIES
Backgren, Peter
2013:   Eskgammon (d10gammon).
GENERAL / VARIANTS
Bagai, Jeremy
1994:   Annotated Match: Kit Woolsey vs. Jeremy Bagai.
STUDY / ANNOTATED GAMES
2007:   EMG Woes: Toward a More Consistent Normalization of Match-Play Errors.
COMPUTERS / ANALYZING ERRORS
2015:   Bagai’s Replies: Mastering the Second Roll.
STRATEGY / OPENINGS
Ballard, Nack
2001:   Naccel: a[N accel]erated Pipcount.
CUBE HANDLING / PIP COUNTING
2003:   In the Beginning.
STRATEGY / EARLY GAME
2007:   Early Doubles 1.
STRATEGY / OPENINGS
2007:   Early Doubles 2.
STRATEGY / OPENINGS
2008:   Match Score Explanations.
CUBE HANDLING / MATCH PLAY
2008:   Nactation.
STRATEGY / OPENINGS
2009:   Backgammon Replies.
STRATEGY / OPENINGS
2010:   Naccel 2--aN ACCELerated Pipcount.
CUBE HANDLING / PIP COUNTING
2017:   Coconut Count.
CUBE HANDLING / PIP COUNTING
Bar Point
1931:   Backgammon Up to Date.
STUDY / BOOK TRANSCRIPTIONS
Barnhart, Joy Lee
1998:   History of Backgammon.
GENERAL / HISTORY
Barr, Ted
1980:   The Intermediate Cube.
CUBE HANDLING / INTRODUCTION
Barto, Andrew G.
1998:   Reinforcement Learning: An Introduction.
COMPUTERS / PROGRAMMING
Bastian, Kevin
1998:   The FIBS Rating System.
COMPETITION / RATINGS
Beadle, Mark
1992:   Games of the Viking and Anglo-Saxon Age.
GENERAL / HISTORY
Beadles, Patti
1995:   FIBS dice analysis.
COMPUTERS / COMPUTER DICE
Becker, Bruce
1974:   Basics for Beginners.
GENERAL / RULES
1974:   Battle Strategy: The Basic Approach to War.
STRATEGY / BASIC STRATEGY
1974:   If You Can Count to 36, ....
TACTICS / PROBABILITY
1974:   Science and Chance, and the Science of Chance.
GENERAL / INTRODUCTION
1974:   The Diabolical Doubler: Betting for Blood.
CUBE HANDLING / INTRODUCTION
Bell, Peter
1995:   The Doubling Cube.
CUBE HANDLING / CUBE THEORY
Benjamin, Arthur
1997:   Enumerating Backgammon Positions: The Perfect Hash.
MISCELLANEOUS / ACADEMIC PAPERS
2007:   Estimating Winning Probabilities in Backgammon Races.
MISCELLANEOUS / ACADEMIC PAPERS
Berger, Frank
2009:   Making the World's Smallest Backgammon Expert.
COMPUTERS / OTHER BOTS
Berkeley
1895:   Draughts and Backgammon.
STUDY / BOOK TRANSCRIPTIONS
Berliner, Hans
1977:   BKG, a Program That Plays Backgammon.
COMPUTERS / PROGRAMMING
1977:   Experiences in Evaluation with BKG, a Program That Plays Backgammon.
COMPUTERS / PROGRAMMING
1979:   On the Construction of Evaluation Functions for Large Domains.
COMPUTERS / PROGRAMMING
1980:   Backgammon Computer Program Beats World Champion.
COMPUTERS / PROGRAMMING
1980:   Computer Backgammon.
COMPUTERS / PROGRAMMING
Bidal, Jay
2007:   Towards a Better Method of Recording Backgammon Games.
STUDY / RECORDED MATCHES
Bigot, Bernard
2003:   Inside Bearoff.
TACTICS / RACING
Bjornstad, Allan
2011:   Relaxing at War with Acey Deucey.
GENERAL / VARIANTS
Blair
1996:   Coevolution of a Backgammon Player.
COMPUTERS / PROGRAMMING
Blath, Jochen
2001:   Doubling the Stakes and Brownian Motion.
CUBE HANDLING / CUBE THEORY
Bond, Ralph A.
1930:   Beginner’s Book of Modern Backgammon.
STUDY / BOOK TRANSCRIPTIONS
Bower, Chuck
1999:   History of Backgammon.
GENERAL / HISTORY
1999:   Rankings and Ratings.
COMPETITION / RATINGS
2001:   Quantifying Backgammon Skill.
COMPETITION / LUCK VS SKILL
2001:   Snowie Parameter Settings.
COMPUTERS / SNOWIE
2001:   Understanding Uncertainty.
COMPUTERS / ROLLOUTS
2008:   A study of digital clock usage in 7-point matches.
COMPETITION / TOURNAMENTS
2010:   My Experience at Monte Carlo.
COMPETITION / TOURNAMENTS
2011:   A Closer Look at the Meyer Dice Tube.
GENERAL / EQUIPMENT
2012:   Tournament Backgammon Rules and Standards Guide.
COMPETITION / TOURNAMENT RULES
Boyden, Elizabeth Clark
1930:   The New Backgammon.
STUDY / BOOK TRANSCRIPTIONS
Boyer, C.J.
1983:   Jose Alvarez and Jim Pasko: A Study in Contrasts.
MISCELLANEOUS / BIOGRAPHIES
Bradshaw, Jon
1974:   Chouette.
COMPETITION / CHOUETTES
1974:   Settlements.
MISCELLANEOUS / MONEY MANAGEMENT
1974:   The Back Game.
STRATEGY / BACK GAMES
1974:   The Doubler.
CUBE HANDLING / INTRODUCTION
1974:   The Pip Count.
CUBE HANDLING / PIP COUNTING
1974:   The Psychology of Backgammon.
STRATEGY / PSYCHOLOGY
1974:   The Tactics of the Game.
STRATEGY / BASIC STRATEGY
1974:   The Use of the Doubler in Tournaments.
CUBE HANDLING / MATCH PLAY
1974:   Three Great Games.
STUDY / ANNOTATED GAMES
Brandt, George
1980:   Cooke's and Orleans's Championship Backgammon.
STUDY / BOOK REVIEWS
Bray, Chris
1997:   Remembering Match Equities.
CUBE HANDLING / MATCH EQUITIES
1998:   R.I.P. Inside Backgammon.
GENERAL / HISTORY
2007:   Backgammon History.
GENERAL / HISTORY
2007:   Recommended Backgammon Books.
STUDY / BOOK SUGGESTIONS
2013:   Backgammon Races.
CUBE HANDLING / RACES
2016:   Position of the Day.
STUDY / BLOGS
Brokaw, Clare Boothe
1930:   Vanity Fair’s Backgammon to Win.
STUDY / BOOK TRANSCRIPTIONS
Buro, Michael
1999:   Efficient Approximation of Backgammon Race Equities.
MISCELLANEOUS / ACADEMIC PAPERS
C
Cattanach, Gregg
2003:   ABA Chouette Rules.
COMPETITION / CHOUETTES
Chabot, Michelin
1982:   Backgammon: How Much Should You Bet?.
MISCELLANEOUS / MONEY MANAGEMENT
1983:   Backgammon: How to Maximize Your Profits Using the Kelly System.
MISCELLANEOUS / MONEY MANAGEMENT
2014:   Money Cube Action in Low-Wastage Positions.
CUBE HANDLING / RACES
2015:   Analysis of: "Improved Cube Handling in Races: Insights with Isight".
CUBE HANDLING / RACES
Charmoy, Philippe H. A.
2010:   Backgammon Ends with Probability One.
MISCELLANEOUS / ACADEMIC PAPERS
Chow, Timothy
2009:   Backgammon Opening Replies.
STRATEGY / OPENINGS
2009:   Rollouts of Robertie’s 501 Essential Backgammon Problems.
STUDY / BOOK REVIEWS
2011:   Chow’s Checkerplay Challenge.
STUDY / QUIZZES
2011:   Rollouts of Wiggins’s Boards, Blots, and Double Shots.
STUDY / BOOK REVIEWS
Ciaffone, Bob
1980:   Michigan Movement.
COMPETITION / TOURNAMENTS
1980:   There Ought to Be a Law.
COMPETITION / TOURNAMENT RULES
1981:   Baron Vernon Ball's Alpha Backgammon.
STUDY / BOOK REVIEWS
Clark, Marcia
1997:   Gaby Horowitz and Bruce Roman.
MISCELLANEOUS / BIOGRAPHIES
Clark, Stephen
2000:   Panic City.
COMPETITION / TOURNAMENTS
Collins, Ed
2002:   Ed's Backgammon Problems.
STUDY / QUIZZES
2005:   Dice and the Laws of Probability.
TACTICS / PROBABILITY
Condos, Vassilis
2006:   Tavli (Greek Backgammon).
GENERAL / VARIANTS
Cooke, Barclay
1974:   Chouette.
COMPETITION / CHOUETTES
1974:   Settlements.
MISCELLANEOUS / MONEY MANAGEMENT
1974:   The Back Game.
STRATEGY / BACK GAMES
1974:   The Doubler.
CUBE HANDLING / INTRODUCTION
1974:   The Pip Count.
CUBE HANDLING / PIP COUNTING
1974:   The Psychology of Backgammon.
STRATEGY / PSYCHOLOGY
1974:   The Tactics of the Game.
STRATEGY / BASIC STRATEGY
1974:   The Use of the Doubler in Tournaments.
CUBE HANDLING / MATCH PLAY
1974:   Three Great Games.
STUDY / ANNOTATED GAMES
1980:   The Computers.
STUDY / CHECKER PROBLEMS
1980:   The Cube: Tournament vs. Money Play.
CUBE HANDLING / MATCH PLAY
Cooke, Bob
1982:   Barclay Cooke: A Personal Memoir.
MISCELLANEOUS / BIOGRAPHIES
Cotton, Charles
1674:   The Compleat Gamester.
STUDY / BOOK TRANSCRIPTIONS
Crane, Michael
2000:   A Look at the Golden Point.
STRATEGY / EARLY GAME
2000:   Crane Rules.
COMPETITION / TOURNAMENT RULES
2000:   Starting a Backgammon Club.
COMPETITION / BACKGAMMON CLUBS
2000:   Tavla in Turkey.
GENERAL / VARIANTS
2006:   BIBA Backgammon Rules and Procedures.
COMPETITION / TOURNAMENT RULES
2007:   The Pip-Count of Monte Cristo.
CUBE HANDLING / PIP COUNTING
2009:   Backgammon for Beginners.
GENERAL / INTRODUCTION
2012:   Obituaries.
MISCELLANEOUS / BIOGRAPHIES
Crawford, John R.
1970:   Basic Probability.
TACTICS / PROBABILITY
1970:   Chouette.
COMPETITION / CHOUETTES
1970:   Counting the Position.
CUBE HANDLING / PIP COUNTING
1970:   Doubles and Redoubles.
CUBE HANDLING / INTRODUCTION
1970:   Etiquette.
COMPETITION / ETIQUETTE
1970:   General Principles of Play.
STRATEGY / BASIC STRATEGY
1970:   History of Backgammon.
GENERAL / HISTORY
1970:   How to Run a Backgammon Tournament.
COMPETITION / TOURNAMENTS
1970:   Other Forms of Backgammon.
GENERAL / VARIANTS
1970:   Settlements.
MISCELLANEOUS / MONEY MANAGEMENT
1970:   The History of Backgammon.
GENERAL / HISTORY
Crawley, Captain
1858:   Backgammon: Its Theory and Practice.
STUDY / BOOK TRANSCRIPTIONS
D
Dahl, Fredrik
1998:   Jellyfish 3.5 Dice Algorithm.
COMPUTERS / COMPUTER DICE
Dalvi, Ashutosh
2011:   The Ash Dalvi 13 Count.
CUBE HANDLING / PIP COUNTING
Damish, Mark
1995:   Backgammon Frequently Asked Questions.
GENERAL / INTRODUCTION
1995:   Basic Strategy for Beginners.
STRATEGY / BASIC STRATEGY
1995:   Other games played on a backgammon board.
GENERAL / VARIANTS
Dave Frary
2009:   Chessgammon.
GENERAL / VARIANTS
Davis, Bill
1980:   Duo-Gammon.
GENERAL / VARIANTS
1981:   The Ultimate Backgammon Contest.
MISCELLANEOUS / PUZZLES
1983:   Tak Morioka: Chicago’s Man of the Year.
MISCELLANEOUS / BIOGRAPHIES
1996:   Chicago Bar Point Club Tournament Procedure.
COMPETITION / TOURNAMENTS
1996:   Forming and Operating a Backgammon Club.
COMPETITION / BACKGAMMON CLUBS
1999:   The Great Prime Problem.
MISCELLANEOUS / PUZZLES
2005:   American Backgammon Tour.
MISCELLANEOUS / HONORS
2006:   Michael Maxakuli Obituary.
MISCELLANEOUS / BIOGRAPHIES
2006:   Pyramid Backgammon.
GENERAL / VARIANTS
2009:   Backgammon and Doubling: Just the Facts.
GENERAL / HISTORY
Derryberry, DeWayne
2002:   Sample Size and Computer Roll-Outs.
COMPUTERS / ROLLOUTS
Deyong, Lewis
2008:   Backgammon Legends: Jacoby and Crawford.
GENERAL / HISTORY
2008:   Early Days of Backgammon.
GENERAL / HISTORY
2008:   Hef and the Playboy Mansion.
GENERAL / HISTORY
Dionne, Roger
1979:   War Against Luck, Disorder And Surface Chaos.
MISCELLANEOUS / STORIES
Driver, Mark
2000:   A History of Backgammon.
GENERAL / HISTORY
2000:   Beginner's Guide to Counting Pips.
CUBE HANDLING / PIP COUNTING
2001:   Flow: The Power of One.
STRATEGY / PSYCHOLOGY
2001:   Kleinman's Vision Laughs at Counting.
STUDY / BOOK REVIEWS
2001:   Lamford's Starting Out in Backgammon.
STUDY / BOOK REVIEWS
2001:   The Art of War: The Tao of Backgammon.
STRATEGY / PSYCHOLOGY
2001:   Two Worlds Collide: Casual and Formal Backgammon.
GENERAL / VARIANTS
2001:   Winning Magick.
STRATEGY / PSYCHOLOGY
2002:   Cooke/Orlean's Championship Backgammon.
STUDY / BOOK REVIEWS
2004:   Sydney Backgammon FAQ.
GENERAL / INTRODUCTION
Durrett, Rick
2003:   Doubling cube quiz.
CUBE HANDLING / CUBE THEORY
E
Encyclopedia Britannica
1911:   Backgammon.
GENERAL / INTRODUCTION
F
Flanagan, Steve
2003:   Beginners and Bots.
STUDY / HOW TO IMPROVE
Fletcher, David
1981:   Beaver Theory.
CUBE HANDLING / CUBE THEORY
Floyd, Bob
1981:   Can You Take a Double In a Symmetric Position?.
CUBE HANDLING / RACES
1982:   Riding the Tiger.
MISCELLANEOUS / MATHEMATICS OF BACKGAMMON
1983:   A Killer Problem.
CUBE HANDLING / MATCH PLAY
1983:   Advanced Gammon Avoidance.
TACTICS / PLAYING FOR/SAVING GAMMON
Friedman, Roy
1989:   Match Equity Table.
CUBE HANDLING / MATCH EQUITIES
1993:   Ortega's Fascinating Backgammon.
STUDY / BOOK REVIEWS
Frigo, Frank
2006:   About Luck and Skill in Backgammon and Poker.
COMPETITION / LUCK VS SKILL
2006:   What Lies Beyond the Board?.
CUBE HANDLING / MISCELLANEOUS
G
Gambling Online Magazine
2006:   John Clark: 30 Years of Backgammon.
MISCELLANEOUS / BIOGRAPHIES
Games Magazine
1982:   A Backgammon Gamble Pays Off.
COMPETITION / LUCK VS SKILL
GamesGrid
1998:   Basic Strategy.
STRATEGY / BASIC STRATEGY
2005:   GamesGrid FAQ: Random Number Generator.
COMPUTERS / COMPUTER DICE
GammonSite
2004:   How Rolls Are Generated at GammonSite.
COMPUTERS / COMPUTER DICE
GammonVillage
2000:   Backgammon Dictionary.
GENERAL / TERMINOLOGY
Gay, Dean
2007:   Cluster Counting Revisited.
CUBE HANDLING / PIP COUNTING
Gerace, Ric
1980:   David Dor-El's The Clermont Book of Backgammon.
STUDY / BOOK REVIEWS
2001:   My Bumpy Life in Backgammon.
MISCELLANEOUS / STORIES
Gibson, Patrick
2004:   Gammon Associates Digital Clock Rules.
COMPETITION / TOURNAMENT RULES
Gillis, Harvey
2010:   Backgammon Decision Analysis for Success.
STUDY / HOW TO IMPROVE
2011:   Backgammon for Life's Challenges.
STRATEGY / PSYCHOLOGY
Goldfarb, Fran
1982:   Backbreakers.
STRATEGY / BACK GAMES
1982:   Bear Essentials.
TACTICS / ACE-POINT GAMES
Goulding, Kent
1981:   A Pip Is a Pip, or Is It?.
CUBE HANDLING / RACES
1981:   Cube Decisions at 2-away 4-away.
CUBE HANDLING / MATCH PLAY
1982:   Backgammon with the Champions' Panel of Masters.
STUDY / QUIZZES
1982:   Getting Gammoned? Turn the Cube.
CUBE HANDLING / MATCH PLAY
1982:   Jeff Ward's Winning Is More Fun.
STUDY / BOOK REVIEWS
1982:   Programming Computers to Play Backgammon.
COMPUTERS / PROGRAMMING
1982:   Robertie's Lee Genud vs. Joe Dwek.
STUDY / BOOK REVIEWS
1982:   The Double-Beaver Question.
CUBE HANDLING / CUBE THEORY
1983:   Pasko vs. Motakhasses: The Turnberry Isle Final.
STUDY / ANNOTATED GAMES
1984:   Backgammon Ratings: What They Are, How They Work, and Are They Useful.
COMPETITION / RATINGS
Grater, Art
2004:   The Backgammon Portal Bibliography.
STUDY / BOOK LISTS
H
Hagendorn, Rick
1981:   Build Your Own Board.
GENERAL / EQUIPMENT
Hansen, Michael Bo
1998:   Michael's 432 Rule.
CUBE HANDLING / MISCELLANEOUS
Hattersley, Lelia
1930:   How to Play the New Backgammon.
STUDY / BOOK TRANSCRIPTIONS
Heinrich, Hal
1999:   Initial Doubles.
CUBE HANDLING / MISCELLANEOUS
Heisman, Dan
1983:   A Controversial Move.
STUDY / CHECKER PROBLEMS
1984:   Simulating Positions.
COMPUTERS / ROLLOUTS
Herman, Steve
1981:   Backgammon in the Land of the Rising Sun.
GENERAL / HISTORY
Herrera, Roland
2011:   Roland's Unofficial BG Glossary.
GENERAL / TERMINOLOGY
Hervén, Markus
2009:   Making the World's Smallest Backgammon Expert.
COMPUTERS / OTHER BOTS
Heuler, Oliver
2002:   How to Use Snowie More Efficiently.
STUDY / HOW TO IMPROVE
Hevesi, Dennis
2010:   Tim Holland, Backgammon Master, Dies at 79.
MISCELLANEOUS / BIOGRAPHIES
Hickey, Bob
1981:   What Did I Miss?.
STUDY / CHECKER PROBLEMS
Hickey, Mary
1981:   Kleinman's Vision Laughs at Counting.
STUDY / BOOK REVIEWS
1981:   Kleinman's Wonderful World of Backgammon.
STUDY / BOOK REVIEWS
2001:   GGraccoon Speaks Out.
STUDY / CHECKER PROBLEMS
2003:   GGraccoon Speaks Out Again.
STUDY / CHECKER PROBLEMS
2006:   A Time for Letting Go.
STRATEGY / HOLDING GAMES
2006:   Another Great Back Game to Avoid.
STRATEGY / BACK GAMES
2006:   Are You Sure it is a Back Game?.
STRATEGY / BACK GAMES
2006:   Attack or Prime?.
STRATEGY / ATTACKING GAMES
2006:   Committing to Containment.
TACTICS / CONTAINMENT
2006:   Exception to Attacking a Single Back Checker.
STRATEGY / PRIMING GAMES
2006:   Game Plan Selection.
STRATEGY / BASIC STRATEGY
2006:   Planning to Play to Win.
STRATEGY / PRIMING GAMES
2006:   Prime Time?.
STRATEGY / PRIMING GAMES
2006:   When it Pays to be Greedy.
STRATEGY / ATTACKING GAMES
2007:   Kill or Let Die?.
STRATEGY / ATTACKING GAMES
2007:   Playing Against a Five-Point Block.
STRATEGY / PRIMING GAMES
2015:   How to Study Your Own Matches.
STUDY / HOW TO IMPROVE
Higgins, Mark
2012:   Cube Handling In Backgammon Money Games Under a Jump Model.
CUBE HANDLING / CUBE THEORY
Hisako
2006:   Backgammon Quotes and Tips.
STUDY / TIPS
Hiss, William J.
1930:   Backgammon Standards.
STUDY / BOOK TRANSCRIPTIONS
Hoffman, Grant
2001:   Dice Counting, an Alternative to Pip Counting.
CUBE HANDLING / PIP COUNTING
Hoffman, Jackie
2001:   Dice Counting, an Alternative to Pip Counting.
CUBE HANDLING / PIP COUNTING
Hollands, Roy
2001:   Double? Take? The Mathematical View.
CUBE HANDLING / MATCH PLAY
Hopper, Millard
1941:   Backgammon.
STUDY / BOOK TRANSCRIPTIONS
Horowitz, Gaby
1979:   Use the Cube As a Weapon, Not As a Gift.
STUDY / CUBE PROBLEMS
1980:   An Objective Viewpoint.
STUDY / CHECKER PROBLEMS
1980:   The Finesse of a Master.
STUDY / CUBE PROBLEMS
1981:   Eliminate Emotional Influence.
CUBE HANDLING / INTRODUCTION
1981:   Handling Your Superior Opponent.
TACTICS / UNEQUAL PLAYERS
1981:   The First Step in Learning.
STUDY / CHECKER PROBLEMS
1982:   Considering Potential Gain Versus Potential Loss.
TACTICS / TAKING RISKS
1982:   The Monday Night Football Fatality.
TACTICS / CONTAINMENT
1983:   Strategy for the 80's.
TACTICS / TAKING RISKS
1983:   The Prime Syndrome.
STRATEGY / PRIMING GAMES
1983:   Wanna Bet?.
STRATEGY / PRIMING GAMES
Hoyle, Edmond
1744:   A Short Treatise on the Game of Back-Gammon.
STUDY / BOOK TRANSCRIPTIONS
Hristov, Iancho
2006:   Snowie Ranking List.
MISCELLANEOUS / HONORS
Huebener, Hardy
2005:   Hardy's Book Suggestions.
STUDY / BOOK SUGGESTIONS
2006:   Tabular History of Backgammon.
GENERAL / HISTORY
2006:   Words of Wisdom.
STUDY / TIPS
2007:   Backgammon in Advertisements.
GENERAL / HISTORY
2007:   Hardy's Backgammon FAQ.
GENERAL / INTRODUCTION
2007:   Hardy's Match Archive.
STUDY / RECORDED MATCHES
I
Inter-Club League of New York
1970:   Laws of Backgammon, 1970.
GENERAL / RULES
International Backgammon Association
1969:   IBA Rules, 1969.
GENERAL / RULES
1970:   Laws of Backgammon, 1970.
GENERAL / RULES
J
Jacobs, Jake
1996:   Your Table Is Waiting.
CUBE HANDLING / MATCH EQUITIES
2000:   Shoot the Chouette.
MISCELLANEOUS / STORIES
2005:   Trice's Backgammon Boot Camp.
STUDY / BOOK REVIEWS
2006:   Bray's What Colour is the Wind?.
STUDY / BOOK REVIEWS
2006:   Heinrich/Woolsey's New Ideas in Backgammon.
STUDY / BOOK REVIEWS
2006:   Lamford's Improve Your Backgammon.
STUDY / BOOK REVIEWS
2006:   Robertie's Backgammon for Serious Players.
STUDY / BOOK REVIEWS
2006:   Robertie's Modern Backgammon.
STUDY / BOOK REVIEWS
2006:   Wiggins's Boards, Blots, and Double Shots.
STUDY / BOOK REVIEWS
Jacoby, Oswald
1970:   Basic Probability.
TACTICS / PROBABILITY
1970:   Chouette.
COMPETITION / CHOUETTES
1970:   Counting the Position.
CUBE HANDLING / PIP COUNTING
1970:   Doubles and Redoubles.
CUBE HANDLING / INTRODUCTION
1970:   Etiquette.
COMPETITION / ETIQUETTE
1970:   General Principles of Play.
STRATEGY / BASIC STRATEGY
1970:   History of Backgammon.
GENERAL / HISTORY
1970:   How to Run a Backgammon Tournament.
COMPETITION / TOURNAMENTS
1970:   Other Forms of Backgammon.
GENERAL / VARIANTS
1970:   Settlements.
MISCELLANEOUS / MONEY MANAGEMENT
1970:   The History of Backgammon.
GENERAL / HISTORY
1980:   Backgammon Etiquette.
COMPETITION / ETIQUETTE
1981:   Backgammon History.
GENERAL / HISTORY
Janowski, Rick
1993:   Take-Points in Money Games.
CUBE HANDLING / CUBE THEORY
2013:   Match Equity Formula Reviewed and Revised.
CUBE HANDLING / MATCH EQUITIES
Japanese Backgammon League
2010:   Othello Quizzes and More.
STUDY / QUIZZES
Jeff Hayes
2009:   Chessgammon.
GENERAL / VARIANTS
Jensen, Peter Max Friis
2001:   Chouette Rules.
COMPETITION / CHOUETTES
2003:   Backgammon Quiz.
STUDY / QUIZZES
2003:   Doubling Strategy in Backgammon.
CUBE HANDLING / CUBE THEORY
2003:   Start and Return Rolls.
STRATEGY / OPENINGS
K
Kato, Hideo
1981:   Recording Backgammon Games.
STUDY / RECORDED MATCHES
Katsikopoulos, Konstantinos V.
2005:   Optimal Doubling Strategy against a Sub-Optimal Opponent.
MISCELLANEOUS / ACADEMIC PAPERS
Katz, Stu
1994:   Give Me a Break--Give It a Number.
MISCELLANEOUS / HUMOR
Keeler, Emmet
1975:   Optimal Doubling in Backgammon.
CUBE HANDLING / CUBE THEORY
Keith, Tom
1995:   How to Compute a Match Equity Table.
CUBE HANDLING / MATCH EQUITIES
1995:   Match Play Doubling Strategy.
CUBE HANDLING / MATCH PLAY
1995:   Rules of Backgammon.
GENERAL / RULES
1996:   Motif Backgammon Player Engine.
COMPUTERS / PROGRAMMING
2004:   Backgammon Books Worth Reading.
STUDY / BOOK SUGGESTIONS
2004:   Backgammon Variants.
GENERAL / VARIANTS
2004:   Cube Handling in Noncontact Positions.
CUBE HANDLING / RACES
2004:   How to Play Acey-Deucey.
GENERAL / VARIANTS
2004:   How to Run a Chouette.
COMPETITION / CHOUETTES
2005:   Backgammon Galore FAQ.
GENERAL / INTRODUCTION
2005:   Backgammon Opening Replies.
STRATEGY / OPENINGS
2005:   Introduction to the Rules of Backgammon.
GENERAL / RULES
2005:   Rollouts of Opening Replies.
STRATEGY / OPENINGS
2006:   How to Play the Opening Rolls.
STRATEGY / OPENINGS
2006:   Introduction to Match Play.
CUBE HANDLING / MATCH PLAY
2006:   Introduction to Ratings.
COMPETITION / RATINGS
2006:   Rollouts of Opening Moves.
STRATEGY / OPENINGS
2006:   The Many Games of Backgammon.
GENERAL / VARIANTS
2007:   Backgammon Galore Glossary.
GENERAL / TERMINOLOGY
2007:   What is 'Nactation'.
STRATEGY / OPENINGS
2011:   Nack Ballard's Kangaroo Count.
CUBE HANDLING / PIP COUNTING
2011:   The Michael Depreli Bot Comparisons.
COMPUTERS / OTHER BOTS
2013:   Paul Magriel's Columns in the New York Times.
STUDY / CHECKER PROBLEMS
2013:   Position List for Bruce Becker’s “Backgammon for Blood”.
STUDY / POSITION LISTS
2013:   Position List for Cooke’s and Bradshaw’s “Backgammon, the Cruelest Game”.
STUDY / POSITION LISTS
2013:   Position List for Jacoby and Crawford’s “The Backgammon Book”.
STUDY / POSITION LISTS
2013:   Position List for Tim Holland’s “Better Backgammon”.
STUDY / POSITION LISTS
2013:   Simulating Partial Round-Robin Tournaments.
COMPETITION / TOURNAMENTS
2013:   The Kazaross-XG2 Match Equity Table.
CUBE HANDLING / MATCH EQUITIES
2013:   Too Good and Not Good Enough.
CUBE HANDLING / MATCH PLAY
2017:   Undefined Equity.
MISCELLANEOUS / MATHEMATICS OF BACKGAMMON
Kennedy, Bill
1982:   Perpetual Redouble?.
MISCELLANEOUS / MATHEMATICS OF BACKGAMMON
Kerr, Neville
2007:   World Champions of Backgammon.
GENERAL / HISTORY
Khatchadourian, Raffi
2013:   The Chaos of the Dice.
MISCELLANEOUS / STORIES
Kissane, Jack
1992:   Cluster Counting.
CUBE HANDLING / PIP COUNTING
Kleinman, Danny
1980:   Backgammon Tournament Freebies.
CUBE HANDLING / MATCH EQUITIES
1980:   Match Equities into Take Points.
CUBE HANDLING / MATCH EQUITIES
1980:   Normal Race Takes.
CUBE HANDLING / RACES
1980:   Propositions.
GENERAL / VARIANTS
1980:   Settlements and Fracture Points.
CUBE HANDLING / CUBE THEORY
1980:   Shopper's Manual for Backgammon Tournaments.
COMPETITION / TOURNAMENTS
1980:   Symmetry, Marginal Utility, and the Cube.
CUBE HANDLING / CUBE THEORY
1980:   The Cube Equations.
CUBE HANDLING / CUBE THEORY
1980:   The Cube Provocation Play.
CUBE HANDLING / MISCELLANEOUS
1980:   The Doubling Cube and Football Fields.
CUBE HANDLING / CUBE THEORY
1980:   The Doubling Cube in Money Backgammon.
CUBE HANDLING / CUBE THEORY
1980:   The Doubling Cube in Tournament Matches.
CUBE HANDLING / MATCH PLAY
1980:   The Doubling Cube in the Wonderland of Errors.
CUBE HANDLING / MISCELLANEOUS
1980:   The Match Score Charts.
CUBE HANDLING / MATCH EQUITIES
1980:   The Price Of Gammons.
TACTICS / PLAYING FOR/SAVING GAMMON
1981:   Highways and Byways of Byes.
COMPETITION / TOURNAMENTS
1981:   The Arithmetic of the Losers' Bracket.
COMPETITION / TOURNAMENTS
1982:   Communication and Dys-communication.
TACTICS / GENERAL TACTICS
1982:   Help for the Hustler?.
STUDY / BOOK REVIEWS
1983:   Curse You, Norman Zadeh.
CUBE HANDLING / MATCH EQUITIES
1991:   The Meunch Formula.
CUBE HANDLING / MATCH EQUITIES
Kobliska, Gary
1977:   On Optimal Doubling in Backgammon.
CUBE HANDLING / CUBE THEORY
Koca, Bob
2007:   Curing Your Short Bearoff Blues.
CUBE HANDLING / RACES
2010:   Mathematics and Backgammon.
MISCELLANEOUS / MATHEMATICS OF BACKGAMMON
2011:   Compensating Players Who Do Not Receive a Bye.
COMPETITION / TOURNAMENTS
Konik, Michael
1999:   Backgammon Hustler.
MISCELLANEOUS / STORIES
Kuczynski, Alex
2004:   When Life Is a Roll of the Dice.
MISCELLANEOUS / STORIES
Kulseth, Stein
2000:   A Position from Jemimah's Past.
MISCELLANEOUS / PUZZLES
2000:   Barry Fisk and the Early Cube.
MISCELLANEOUS / STORIES
2000:   Jemimah Plays Nackgammon—Not.
MISCELLANEOUS / PUZZLES
2000:   Jemimah's Beaver Creek Double.
MISCELLANEOUS / PUZZLES
L
Labins, Mike
1982:   The Fundamental Point.
CUBE HANDLING / MATCH PLAY
1983:   The Fundamental Point.
STUDY / CHECKER PROBLEMS
Lamford, Paul
2000:   Too Good? Too Bad!.
CUBE HANDLING / GOING FOR GAMMON
2001:   Hit or Bust.
STUDY / QUIZZES
2001:   Take It or Leave It.
STUDY / QUIZZES
Landwehr, Bob
2000:   The Making of Bob's Backgammon.
COMPUTERS / PROGRAMMING
Las Vegas Backgammon Magazine
1980:   Profile of Lee Genud.
MISCELLANEOUS / BIOGRAPHIES
1980:   Profile of Paul Magriel.
MISCELLANEOUS / BIOGRAPHIES
1981:   Interview with Prince Joli Kansil.
MISCELLANEOUS / BIOGRAPHIES
1981:   Profile of Carol Cole.
MISCELLANEOUS / BIOGRAPHIES
1981:   Profile of Howard Markowitz.
MISCELLANEOUS / BIOGRAPHIES
1981:   Profile of Jacoby Profile.
MISCELLANEOUS / BIOGRAPHIES
Las Vegas Review Journal
2006:   Michael.
MISCELLANEOUS / BIOGRAPHIES
Leibowitz, David
1981:   No Defense to the Backgame?.
STUDY / ANNOTATED GAMES
Levenstein, Max
2011:   Maximizing Gammon Chances.
TACTICS / PLAYING FOR/SAVING GAMMON
Levermann, Johannes
2002:   Primes and Snowie 4.
COMPUTERS / SNOWIE
Levi, Les B.
1982:   The Life and Times of Gaby Horowitz.
MISCELLANEOUS / BIOGRAPHIES
1982:   The Remarkable Barclay Cooke.
MISCELLANEOUS / BIOGRAPHIES
1983:   Kent Goulding: Backgammon’s Champion of Champions.
MISCELLANEOUS / BIOGRAPHIES
1983:   Monte Carlo Winner Bill Robertie.
MISCELLANEOUS / BIOGRAPHIES
1983:   The Great Atlantic City Backgammon Trial.
COMPETITION / LUCK VS SKILL
Levick, Ben
1992:   Games of the Viking and Anglo-Saxon Age.
GENERAL / HISTORY
Levner, David
1976:   Is Brute Force Backgammon Possible?.
MISCELLANEOUS / MATHEMATICS OF BACKGAMMON
Levy, David
1998:   Rules for the Game of Trictrac.
GENERAL / VARIANTS
Lezard, Tony
2006:   Dueller Recorded Matches.
STUDY / RECORDED MATCHES
Liardet, Fabrice
2010:   Committing a match equity table to memory.
CUBE HANDLING / MATCH EQUITIES
2010:   Score cards.
CUBE HANDLING / MATCH EQUITIES
2010:   Slot backgammon.
GENERAL / VARIANTS
2011:   See, I was right.
STRATEGY / PSYCHOLOGY
Lighton, Rodney
2003:   Running a Club Evening Tournament.
COMPETITION / TOURNAMENTS
Longacre, John
1930:   Backgammon of Today.
STUDY / BOOK TRANSCRIPTIONS
Ly, Danny
1982:   The Legal Status of Backgammon in America.
COMPETITION / LUCK VS SKILL
M
Mabardi, Georges
1930:   Vanity Fair’s Backgammon to Win.
STUDY / BOOK TRANSCRIPTIONS
Madsen, Lasse H.
2003:   Staying Ahead.
CUBE HANDLING / MATCH PLAY
Maffeo, Nick
1980:   Horowitz and Roman's Dynamic Cube Strategy.
STUDY / BOOK REVIEWS
Magriel, Paul
1976:   Paul Magriel's Rules of Backgammon.
GENERAL / RULES
1980:   All or Nothing at All: A Basket of Eggs.
STUDY / CHECKER PROBLEMS
1980:   Lowly 1-Point Can Take On Great Importance.
STUDY / CHECKER PROBLEMS
1984:   Know the Rules.
GENERAL / RULES
Mannon, Mike
2011:   Ideal Racing Positions.
TACTICS / RACING
Mary
1980:   Phillip Martyn on Backgammon.
STUDY / BOOK REVIEWS
1980:   Cooke and Orléan's Championship Backgammon.
STUDY / BOOK REVIEWS
1980:   Individual Cubes Variation.
COMPETITION / CHOUETTES
Master Games
1999:   Acey Deucey.
GENERAL / VARIANTS
Masters, James
1997:   Backgammon History and Useful Information.
GENERAL / HISTORY
Matussek, Joachim
2004:   How to calculate exact game winning chances during bearoff.
CUBE HANDLING / RACES
Mayeron, Candace Nyles
1980:   Rulings Column.
COMPETITION / TOURNAMENT RULES
McCollough, Kate
1998:   Heinrich/Woolsey's New Ideas in Backgammon.
STUDY / BOOK REVIEWS
McIntosh, Richard
1997:   Backgammon by the Bay Annotated Games.
STUDY / ANNOTATED GAMES
1998:   Backgammon by the Bay Tournament Rules.
COMPETITION / TOURNAMENT RULES
Meese, Butch
1980:   Modified Swiss Movement and Tie Breaker.
COMPETITION / TOURNAMENTS
1981:   More Michigan Movement.
COMPETITION / TOURNAMENTS
1981:   Tournament Dos and Don'ts.
COMPETITION / TOURNAMENTS
2001:   Fundamentals of Tournament Backgammon.
COMPETITION / TOURNAMENT RULES
2001:   U.S. Backgammon Tournament Rules & Procedures (2001).
COMPETITION / TOURNAMENT RULES
Merrigan, Nigel
2000:   Match Equities: Simplification vs. Accuracy.
CUBE HANDLING / MATCH EQUITIES
2011:   The Metric Formula.
CUBE HANDLING / RACES
Money, Paul
2006:   Beginners Please.
STRATEGY / BASIC STRATEGY
2006:   Cube Handling in Races.
CUBE HANDLING / RACES
2006:   Cube Paradoxes.
CUBE HANDLING / CUBE THEORY
2006:   Introduction to the Doubling Cube.
CUBE HANDLING / INTRODUCTION
2006:   Low Anchors.
CUBE HANDLING / HOLDING GAMES
2006:   Playing High Anchor Games.
STRATEGY / HOLDING GAMES
2006:   Prepared, Alert and Motivated.
STRATEGY / PSYCHOLOGY
2006:   Three-Point Match.
CUBE HANDLING / MATCH PLAY
2006:   Two-Point Match.
CUBE HANDLING / MATCH PLAY
2013:   The Dorbel Daily.
STUDY / BLOGS
Montgomery, David
1999:   Scientific Steaming.
MISCELLANEOUS / HUMOR
2000:   Questions and Answers about Variance Reduction.
COMPUTERS / ROLLOUTS
2000:   Variance Reduction.
COMPUTERS / ROLLOUTS
Morawski, Vic
2008:   The 1930's Understanding of Doubling.
GENERAL / HISTORY
Morioka, Takao
1987-1991:   Takgammon.
STRATEGY / PSYCHOLOGY
Mörters, Peter
2001:   Doubling the Stakes and Brownian Motion.
CUBE HANDLING / CUBE THEORY
N
Nathan, Jerry
1982:   Cube Critical in Tournament Play.
CUBE HANDLING / MATCH PLAY
1982:   The Best Spot for This Blot.
STUDY / CHECKER PROBLEMS
1983:   Anticipate Your Opponent's Problems.
STUDY / CHECKER PROBLEMS
1983:   Off the Bar and Out?.
TACTICS / CONTAINMENT
New York Times
1977:   Backgammon.
GENERAL / HISTORY
Nicholas, Grosvenor
1928:   Modern Backgammon.
STUDY / BOOK TRANSCRIPTIONS
1930:   Winning Backgammon.
STUDY / BOOK TRANSCRIPTIONS
Nielsen, Karsten
2004:   Nordic Open Seminar 2004.
COMPUTERS / ANALYZING ERRORS
2006:   Snowie Ranking List.
MISCELLANEOUS / HONORS
2008:   Bank Roll Management.
MISCELLANEOUS / MONEY MANAGEMENT
2008:   Glossary.
GENERAL / TERMINOLOGY
2008:   Links.
WEB SITES / INDEXES
2008:   Nordic Seminar: Grouping your errors.
STUDY / HOW TO IMPROVE
2008:   Quiz.
STUDY / QUIZZES
2008:   The Internet Style.
CUBE HANDLING / MISCELLANEOUS
O
Oasya SA
2003:   Matches Analyzed by Snowie.
STUDY / RECORDED MATCHES
Ortega, Antonio
1993:   Communication and Control.
TACTICS / GENERAL TACTICS
1993:   Duplication.
TACTICS / DUPLICATION
1993:   Magriel’s Criteria for Safe Plays and Bold Plays.
STRATEGY / BASIC STRATEGY
1993:   Smoothing.
TACTICS / RACING
1993:   The Back Game.
STRATEGY / BACK GAMES
1993:   The Blitz.
STRATEGY / ATTACKING GAMES
1993:   The Holding Game.
STRATEGY / HOLDING GAMES
1993:   The Priming Game.
STRATEGY / PRIMING GAMES
P
Pasko, Jim
1980:   Everything Is a Take.
CUBE HANDLING / CUBE THEORY
1980:   How Little We Know.
STUDY / CHECKER PROBLEMS
Patz, Anthony
2001:   And the Trailer Doubles.
CUBE HANDLING / MATCH PLAY
Play65
2008:   Interview with Falafel.
MISCELLANEOUS / BIOGRAPHIES
2010:   Mary Hickey, US Open Champion 2010.
MISCELLANEOUS / BIOGRAPHIES
Pollack
1996:   Coevolution of a Backgammon Player.
COMPUTERS / PROGRAMMING
Posner, Kathy
1982:   A Matter of Judgment.
TACTICS / ACE-POINT GAMES
1982:   Michelin Chabot's Backgammon, How Much Should You Bet.
STUDY / BOOK REVIEWS
1983:   Jeff Ward's The Doubling Cube.
STUDY / BOOK REVIEWS
R
Racquet and Tennis Club, New York
1931:   Laws of Backgammon, 1931.
GENERAL / RULES
Ramer, Arthur
1981:   Double-Beaver Revisited.
CUBE HANDLING / CUBE THEORY
Reichert, Axel
2014:   Improved Cube Handling in Races.
CUBE HANDLING / RACES
Reklaitis, Matt
2000:   Post-Crawford Doubling.
CUBE HANDLING / MATCH PLAY
Rice, Stick
2007:   An Introduction to the Effective Pip Count.
CUBE HANDLING / RACES
2007:   Bgonline Opening Rollouts.
STRATEGY / OPENINGS
2008:   31 Things You Need to Know for your First ABT Tournament.
COMPETITION / TOURNAMENTS
Richard, Walter L.
1931:   Complete Backgammon.
STUDY / BOOK TRANSCRIPTIONS
Richards, Stanley
2007:   First and Second Moves Chart.
STRATEGY / OPENINGS
Robertie, Bill
1980:   1979 Monte Carlo World Championship.
STUDY / ANNOTATED GAMES
1980:   Doubling Quiz.
STUDY / QUIZZES
1980:   Doubling Quiz 2.
STUDY / QUIZZES
1981:   Checker Quiz.
STUDY / QUIZZES
1982:   1981 Monte Carlo World Championship.
STUDY / ANNOTATED GAMES
1982:   Malcolm Davis vs. Chris Peterson.
STUDY / ANNOTATED GAMES
1982:   Mike Maxakuli vs. John Karian.
STUDY / ANNOTATED GAMES
1982:   Notes on Doubling in Match Play.
CUBE HANDLING / MATCH PLAY
1982:   Paul Magriel vs. Berj Abadjian.
STUDY / ANNOTATED GAMES
1982:   Test Your Backgammon: Paul Magriel vs. Bill Robertie.
STUDY / ANNOTATED GAMES
1983:   In the Beginning: The Opening Moves Revisited.
STRATEGY / OPENINGS
1984:   Bill Robertie vs. Simone Naim.
STUDY / ANNOTATED GAMES
2006:   Does Your Bot Cheat?.
COMPUTERS / COMPUTER DICE
2006:   Doubling in High Anchor Games.
CUBE HANDLING / HOLDING GAMES
2006:   Duplication.
TACTICS / DUPLICATION
2006:   Handling the High Anchor Games.
STRATEGY / HOLDING GAMES
2006:   Hit or No Hit?.
TACTICS / HITTING
2006:   More About High Anchor Games.
CUBE HANDLING / HOLDING GAMES
2006:   More about Hitting.
TACTICS / HITTING
2006:   More on Duplication.
TACTICS / DUPLICATION
2006:   Opening Goals.
STRATEGY / OPENINGS
2006:   Proto-Back Games.
STRATEGY / BACK GAMES
2006:   Proving Your Bot Doesn't Cheat.
COMPUTERS / COMPUTER DICE
2006:   The Late Game Blitz.
STRATEGY / ATTACKING GAMES
2006:   Two Opening Problems.
STRATEGY / EARLY GAME
2006:   Volunteering a Shot.
TACTICS / TAKING RISKS
2006:   When Splitting is a Bad Idea.
STRATEGY / EARLY GAME
2007:   Adjusting for the Match Score.
CUBE HANDLING / MATCH PLAY
2007:   Build or Hit?.
STRATEGY / EARLY GAME
2007:   Building Structure.
STRATEGY / PRIMING GAMES
2007:   Checker Play in Back Games.
STRATEGY / BACK GAMES
2007:   Considering All Possibilities.
STRATEGY / VISION
2007:   Cube Based Checker Plays.
TACTICS / GENERAL TACTICS
2007:   Evaluating Blitzes.
CUBE HANDLING / BLITZES
2007:   Evaluating Early Doubles.
CUBE HANDLING / MISCELLANEOUS
2007:   Handling 6-Primes.
STRATEGY / PRIMING GAMES
2007:   More about Back Games.
STRATEGY / BACK GAMES
2007:   Playing 2-1 on the Second Roll.
STRATEGY / OPENINGS
2007:   Playing 2-2 on the Second Roll.
STRATEGY / OPENINGS
2007:   Switching Gears.
STRATEGY / BACK GAMES
2007:   The Overstretched Position.
TACTICS / GENERAL TACTICS
2007:   The Tempo Hit.
TACTICS / HITTING
2007:   Two Interesting Back Game Plays.
STRATEGY / BACK GAMES
2014:   Comparing Games of Skill and Chance.
COMPETITION / LUCK VS SKILL
2015:   Bill Robertie's Backgammon Lessons.
STUDY / TIPS
2015:   Bill Robertie's Blog.
STUDY / BLOGS
2015:   How to Play Backgammon Chouettes.
COMPETITION / CHOUETTES
2015:   Robertie’s Rule of 65.
CUBE HANDLING / MATCH PLAY
2015:   World Backgammon Championship 1967 to 1979.
GENERAL / HISTORY
2016:   A Short History of Modern Backgammon.
GENERAL / HISTORY
Roman, Bruce
1979:   Use the Cube As a Weapon, Not As a Gift.
STUDY / CUBE PROBLEMS
1980:   An Objective Viewpoint.
STUDY / CHECKER PROBLEMS
1980:   The Finesse of a Master.
STUDY / CUBE PROBLEMS
1981:   Eliminate Emotional Influence.
CUBE HANDLING / INTRODUCTION
1981:   Handling Your Superior Opponent.
TACTICS / UNEQUAL PLAYERS
1981:   The First Step in Learning.
STUDY / CHECKER PROBLEMS
1982:   Considering Potential Gain Versus Potential Loss.
TACTICS / TAKING RISKS
1982:   The Monday Night Football Fatality.
TACTICS / CONTAINMENT
1983:   Strategy for the 80's.
TACTICS / TAKING RISKS
1983:   The Prime Syndrome.
STRATEGY / PRIMING GAMES
1983:   Wanna Bet?.
STRATEGY / PRIMING GAMES
Rosenfeld, Patti
1974:   Introduction to Backgammon.
GENERAL / INTRODUCTION
Ross, Andrew M.
1997:   Enumerating Backgammon Positions: The Perfect Hash.
MISCELLANEOUS / ACADEMIC PAPERS
2007:   Estimating Winning Probabilities in Backgammon Races.
MISCELLANEOUS / ACADEMIC PAPERS
S
Scott, Jay
1998:   The Neural Net Backgammon Programs.
COMPUTERS / PROGRAMMING
Sejnowski, T.J.
1989:   A Parallel Network that Learns to Play Backgammon.
COMPUTERS / PROGRAMMING
Selrahc, B.
1979:   The History of Backgammon.
GENERAL / HISTORY
Sengoku, Sho
2001:   Equity Temperature Map: Introduction.
TACTICS / GENERAL TACTICS
2001:   Sho Sengoku's Five Count.
CUBE HANDLING / PIP COUNTING
2002:   Arithmetic Techniques.
TACTICS / PROBABILITY
2003:   Dice Tables.
TACTICS / PROBABILITY
2003:   General Form for Different Pip Counting Systems.
CUBE HANDLING / PIP COUNTING
2003:   Graphical Match Equity Charts.
CUBE HANDLING / MATCH EQUITIES
Senkiewicz, Mike
1981:   A Failure to Communicate?.
TACTICS / GENERAL TACTICS
1982:   Conserving Energy.
TACTICS / GENERAL TACTICS
1982:   It All Depends: A Guide for Evaluating Positions.
TACTICS / GENERAL TACTICS
1982:   Slot That Checker: A Basic Guide to Slotting.
TACTICS / TAKING RISKS
1982:   Some Unusual Cube Decisions.
STUDY / QUIZZES
Seret, Jean-Luc
2000:   Count Your Pipples.
CUBE HANDLING / RACES
2003:   Inside Bearoff.
TACTICS / RACING
Short, Martin
2001:   Advanced Backgammon Tips.
STUDY / TIPS
2001:   Backgammon History.
GENERAL / HISTORY
2001:   Becker's Backgammon for Blood.
STUDY / BOOK REVIEWS
2001:   Champions of Major Tournaments.
MISCELLANEOUS / HONORS
2002:   Wiggins's Boards, Blots, and Double Shots.
STUDY / BOOK REVIEWS
Shrake, Edwin
1964:   Everyone for Backgammon.
GENERAL / HISTORY
1974:   On a Dicey Cruise.
MISCELLANEOUS / STORIES
Silver, Albert
2002:   Snowie 4: Back to the 80s.
COMPUTERS / SNOWIE
2003:   Mec26: A New Match Equity Table.
CUBE HANDLING / MATCH EQUITIES
2003:   Monte Carlo 2003 World Championship Final.
STUDY / ANNOTATED GAMES
2006:   All About Gnu Backgammon.
COMPUTERS / GNU BACKGAMMON
Silverstein, Lee
1980:   Typographical Errors in Paradoxes and Probabilities.
STUDY / BOOK REVIEWS
Simborg, Phil
1994:   Fifteen Ways to Irritate Your Opponent.
MISCELLANEOUS / HUMOR
1994:   Give Me a Break--Give It a Number.
MISCELLANEOUS / HUMOR
1995:   Backgammon Haikus.
MISCELLANEOUS / HUMOR
1995:   Sportsmanlike Conduct.
COMPETITION / ETIQUETTE
1996:   Simborg's Laws of Backgammon.
MISCELLANEOUS / HUMOR
1997:   A Coin Toss.
MISCELLANEOUS / HUMOR
1998:   Chouette is Hell.
MISCELLANEOUS / HUMOR
1999:   Why I Never Complain About the Dice.
COMPETITION / ETIQUETTE
2000:   Nobody Wants Advice.
MISCELLANEOUS / HUMOR
2001:   Third Coast Rules.
MISCELLANEOUS / HUMOR
2003:   Alternative Rules to Make the Game Interesting.
GENERAL / VARIANTS
2004:   How to Play the Opening Moves.
STRATEGY / OPENINGS
2004:   Why You Should Teach Your Children Backgammon.
STUDY / HOW TO IMPROVE
2005:   The Best Play I Ever Made!.
MISCELLANEOUS / STORIES
2005:   Two-Point Match Strategy.
CUBE HANDLING / MATCH PLAY
2005:   When to Double.
CUBE HANDLING / INTRODUCTION
2006:   Backgammon Quiz.
STUDY / QUIZZES
2006:   How to Get Better at Backgammon.
STUDY / HOW TO IMPROVE
2006:   Live Backgammon Tournaments.
COMPETITION / TOURNAMENTS
2006:   Luck vs. Skill in Backgammon.
COMPETITION / LUCK VS SKILL
2006:   Settlements for Chouette and Money Players.
COMPETITION / CHOUETTES
2006:   Ten Backgammon Lessons.
STUDY / TIPS
2007:   A Beginner's Guide to Backgammon.
GENERAL / INTRODUCTION
2007:   A Common Problem.
STRATEGY / EARLY GAME
2007:   Alternative Rules to Make Backgammon Interesting.
GENERAL / VARIANTS
2007:   Backgammon Equipment.
GENERAL / EQUIPMENT
2007:   Going for the Gammon.
CUBE HANDLING / GOING FOR GAMMON
2007:   How to Make Tournaments more Fun.
COMPETITION / TOURNAMENTS
2007:   I am Tired of It.
MISCELLANEOUS / HUMOR
2007:   Improving Your Backgammon Game.
STUDY / HOW TO IMPROVE
2007:   It Amazes Me.
STUDY / HOW TO IMPROVE
2007:   Learning Backgammon: Breaking Down the Game.
STUDY / HOW TO IMPROVE
2007:   Make it Pretty.
STRATEGY / VISION
2007:   Simborg's Backgammon Tips.
MISCELLANEOUS / HUMOR
2007:   The Best Way to Improve Your Backgammon Game.
STUDY / HOW TO IMPROVE
2007:   The Challenge of Tournament Backgammon.
CUBE HANDLING / MATCH PLAY
2007:   The Five Biggest Myths of Backgammon.
GENERAL / INTRODUCTION
2007:   The Simborg Doubles Conflict Resolution Solution.
COMPETITION / TOURNAMENTS
2007:   The Snowie Challenge Game.
GENERAL / VARIANTS
2008:   A Basic Lesson For All.
STRATEGY / EARLY GAME
2008:   An Exercise in Understanding the Match Play Cube.
CUBE HANDLING / MATCH PLAY
2008:   Backgammon Checker Play For Idiots.
STRATEGY / BASIC STRATEGY
2008:   Backgammon Rules of Thumb.
STRATEGY / BASIC STRATEGY
2008:   Chouette Backgammon: How to Win.
COMPETITION / CHOUETTES
2008:   Close Match Play Strategy.
CUBE HANDLING / MATCH PLAY
2008:   Doubling Cube Study.
CUBE HANDLING / MATCH PLAY
2008:   How To Learn From Your Mistakes.
STUDY / HOW TO IMPROVE
2008:   Idiot's Guide to the Doubling Cube.
CUBE HANDLING / INTRODUCTION
2008:   Kit Woolsey Revisited.
STUDY / CHECKER PROBLEMS
2008:   Learning More and More From Snowie.
STUDY / HOW TO IMPROVE
2008:   Match Equity For Idiots.
CUBE HANDLING / MATCH PLAY
2008:   Playing Humans.
CUBE HANDLING / MISCELLANEOUS
2008:   Proper Etiquette for Backgammon Spectators.
COMPETITION / ETIQUETTE
2008:   Reference Positions.
CUBE HANDLING / INTRODUCTION
2008:   The Backgammon Blitz.
STRATEGY / ATTACKING GAMES
2008:   The Backgammon Doubling Cube Made Simple.
CUBE HANDLING / MATCH PLAY
2008:   The Best Way to Make Tough Decisions.
CUBE HANDLING / INTRODUCTION
2008:   The Joy of Sets.
STUDY / QUIZZES
2009:   Summary of Basic Rules of Tournament Play.
COMPETITION / TOURNAMENTS
2009:   Taking Your Game to a Higher Level.
STUDY / HOW TO IMPROVE
2010:   Preparing for Live Tournaments.
COMPETITION / TOURNAMENTS
2011:   The Phil Simborg Interviews.
MISCELLANEOUS / BIOGRAPHIES
2012:   Tournament Backgammon Rules and Standards Guide.
COMPETITION / TOURNAMENT RULES
2012:   Urquhart Colorless Counting.
CUBE HANDLING / PIP COUNTING
Simon, Burt
1981:   Comments on the Beaver Controversy.
CUBE HANDLING / CUBE THEORY
Simsek, Ozgur
2005:   Optimal Doubling Strategy against a Sub-Optimal Opponent.
MISCELLANEOUS / ACADEMIC PAPERS
Sjoqvist, Anders
2011:   Constructing an Evaluation Function for Playing Backgammon.
COMPUTERS / PROGRAMMING
Skillman, Beth
1998:   A Virtual Tour of a Backgammon Tournament.
COMPETITION / TOURNAMENTS
1998:   Backgammon by the Bay Tournament Rules.
COMPETITION / TOURNAMENT RULES
Snowie
2006:   MatchQiz Demo Match.
STUDY / ANNOTATED GAMES
Soubeyrand, Catherine
1995:   The Game of Senet.
GENERAL / HISTORY
Spencer, Joel
1975:   Optimal Doubling in Backgammon.
CUBE HANDLING / CUBE THEORY
Steg, Albert
1995:   Tips on Visiting Backgammon Clubs.
COMPETITION / BACKGAMMON CLUBS
Stenlund, Andre
2011:   Constructing an Evaluation Function for Playing Backgammon.
COMPUTERS / PROGRAMMING
Stephens, Paul
2005:   Dice Rolls and Probability in Backgammon.
TACTICS / PROBABILITY
2005:   Paul's Backgammon Vaults.
STUDY / RECORDED MATCHES
Stocks, Adam
2001:   Ratings: A Mathematical Study.
COMPETITION / RATINGS
Storer, Marty
2001:   Bagai's Classic Backgammon Revisited.
STUDY / BOOK REVIEWS
Strato, Michael
1999:   History of Backgammon.
GENERAL / HISTORY
2001:   GammonVillage interviews Jeremy Bagai.
MISCELLANEOUS / BIOGRAPHIES
2006:   François Tardieu, the New #3 Backgammon Giant.
MISCELLANEOUS / BIOGRAPHIES
2006:   Interview with New World Champion Philip Vischjager.
MISCELLANEOUS / BIOGRAPHIES
2006:   Michael Strato's Rules of Backgammon.
GENERAL / RULES
2006:   The Man Behind the World's Biggest Backgammon Event.
MISCELLANEOUS / BIOGRAPHIES
2006:   Victoria Smirnoff Would Invest in Cancer Research.
MISCELLANEOUS / BIOGRAPHIES
2007:   "Money is Not What Interests Me".
MISCELLANEOUS / BIOGRAPHIES
2007:   Backgammon Jargon.
GENERAL / TERMINOLOGY
2008:   Stepler Seeks to Spread Backgammon in France.
MISCELLANEOUS / BIOGRAPHIES
Sutton, Richard S.
1998:   Reinforcement Learning: An Introduction.
COMPUTERS / PROGRAMMING
T
Tait, Carl
2000:   Carl Tait's Bibliography.
STUDY / BOOK LISTS
Tanenbaum, Paul
1998:   Mabardi's Vanity Fair's Backgammon to Win.
STUDY / BOOK REVIEWS
Tardieu, François
2006:   The Aggression Coefficient Formula for Safe or Bold Bear-ins.
TACTICS / TAKING RISKS
2007:   Bearoff Tips at DMP.
TACTICS / RACING
Tesauro, Gerald
1989:   A Parallel Network that Learns to Play Backgammon.
COMPUTERS / PROGRAMMING
1990:   Neurogammon: A Neural-Network Backgammon Program.
COMPUTERS / PROGRAMMING
1992:   Practical Issues in Temporal Difference Learning.
COMPUTERS / PROGRAMMING
1993:   TD-Gammon, A Self-Teaching Backgammon Program, Achieves Master-Level Play.
COMPUTERS / PROGRAMMING
1995:   Temporal Difference Learning and TD-Gammon.
COMPUTERS / PROGRAMMING
2002:   Programming Backgammon Using Self-Teaching Neural Nets.
COMPUTERS / PROGRAMMING
Thorne, Harold
1930:   Backgammon in 20 Minutes.
STUDY / BOOK TRANSCRIPTIONS
1931:   Backgammon Tactics.
STUDY / BOOK TRANSCRIPTIONS
Thorp, Edward O.
1975:   Backgammon: The Optimal Strategy for the Pure Running Game.
MISCELLANEOUS / ACADEMIC PAPERS
1978:   End Positions in Backgammon.
CUBE HANDLING / RACES
1979:   The Kelly Money Management System.
MISCELLANEOUS / MONEY MANAGEMENT
Todorov, Svilen
1999:   Backgammon in Art.
GENERAL / HISTORY
Townsend, Robert
2006:   The Northern Michigan Pip Count.
CUBE HANDLING / PIP COUNTING
2007:   Basics of Backgammon.
STRATEGY / BASIC STRATEGY
2007:   Dice and Shots.
TACTICS / PROBABILITY
2007:   The Cube and the Race.
CUBE HANDLING / RACES
Trice, Walter
1996:   Your Table Is Waiting.
CUBE HANDLING / MATCH EQUITIES
2000:   Effective Pip Count.
CUBE HANDLING / RACES
2006:   Contact and the Race.
STRATEGY / HOLDING GAMES
2006:   Desperate Measures.
STRATEGY / PRIMING GAMES
2006:   End Game Planning.
STRATEGY / HOLDING GAMES
2006:   How Shall I Win This Game?.
STRATEGY / BASIC STRATEGY
2006:   More Contact Problems.
STRATEGY / HOLDING GAMES
2006:   On Sniping.
STRATEGY / HOLDING GAMES
2006:   Prime Development.
STRATEGY / PRIMING GAMES
2006:   Primes vs Blots.
STRATEGY / PRIMING GAMES
2006:   Two Blots.
TACTICS / TAKING RISKS
2006:   What to Do When Nothing Is Happening.
STRATEGY / HOLDING GAMES
Turner, Stephen
1999:   Calculating and Using Match Equities.
CUBE HANDLING / MATCH PLAY
U
USBGF Rules and Ethics Committee
2016:   USBGF Tournament Rules.
COMPETITION / TOURNAMENT RULES
University of Waterloo
2007:   Backgammon Sets of Different Materials.
GENERAL / HISTORY
2010:   Backgammon in a 13th Century Book of Games.
GENERAL / HISTORY
Urquhart, Robert
2012:   Urquhart Colorless Counting.
CUBE HANDLING / PIP COUNTING
V
Vaughan, C. Wheaton
1930:   Winning Backgammon.
STUDY / BOOK TRANSCRIPTIONS
Veldhuizen, Robert-Jan
2006:   Getting started with GnuBG, a Guided Tour.
COMPUTERS / GNU BACKGAMMON
Viau, Pierre
2011:   High Fives.
CUBE HANDLING / PIP COUNTING
2011:   Sweet Fifteen.
CUBE HANDLING / PIP COUNTING
W
Wachtel, Robert
2013:   Backgammon Chouette.
COMPETITION / CHOUETTES
Walling, William H.
1930:   Backgammon Standards.
STUDY / BOOK TRANSCRIPTIONS
Wang, Morten
1997:   The Ten Commandments of Backgammon.
MISCELLANEOUS / HUMOR
Ward, Jeff
1980:   End Game Doubling: A Science, Not an Art.
CUBE HANDLING / RACES
1980:   The Last Act of a Desperate Man.
TACTICS / PLAYING FOR/SAVING GAMMON
1981:   A Fast Way to Record Backgammon Positions.
STUDY / RECORDED MATCHES
1981:   Gammon-Saving Quiz.
STUDY / QUIZZES
1981:   The Power of a Seven-Point Prime.
STUDY / CHECKER PROBLEMS
1982:   Stationary Approach.
STRATEGY / ATTACKING GAMES
1982:   The Rule of Sevens.
TACTICS / PLAYING FOR/SAVING GAMMON
1982:   The Rule of Sevens Revisited.
TACTICS / PLAYING FOR/SAVING GAMMON
1983:   The Importance of Middlemen.
TACTICS / RACING
1984:   The Magic Triangle.
TACTICS / RACING
Wattson, Henry
1981:   Double Elimination.
COMPETITION / TOURNAMENTS
Wattson, Kate
1982:   A Conversation With Billy Eisenberg.
MISCELLANEOUS / BIOGRAPHIES
Weaver, Paul
2001:   Peever's Errors vs. Kit Woolsey.
STUDY / CHECKER PROBLEMS
2003:   In the Beginning.
STRATEGY / EARLY GAME
Webb, Alan
2000:   Be a PRAT.
CUBE HANDLING / INTRODUCTION
Weintraub, Jeremy
2000:   Backgammon Bonanza.
MISCELLANEOUS / STORIES
Wikipedia
2006:   Acey Deucey.
GENERAL / VARIANTS
2006:   Backgammon at Wikipedia.
GENERAL / INTRODUCTION
2006:   Sugoroku.
GENERAL / VARIANTS
2006:   Tables (Board Game).
GENERAL / VARIANTS
Williams, Sean
2013:   5 Ways to Improve Your Backgammon.
STUDY / HOW TO IMPROVE
WinningBackgammon.info
2006:   Ten minutes with Philip Vischjager.
MISCELLANEOUS / BIOGRAPHIES
Winslow, Elliott
1981:   No Defense to the Backgame?.
STUDY / ANNOTATED GAMES
Wong, Gary
1998:   Official Backgammon Software Complaint Form.
COMPUTERS / COMPUTER DICE
Woodhead, Simon
2006:   Recommended Reading.
STUDY / BOOK SUGGESTIONS
Woolsey, Kit
1933:   Kit Woolsey’s Match Equity Table.
CUBE HANDLING / MATCH EQUITIES
1980:   Match Doubling Quiz.
STUDY / QUIZZES
1980:   Two Points To Go.
CUBE HANDLING / MATCH PLAY
1981:   Double Ace Quiz.
STUDY / QUIZZES
1981:   Goulding's Backgammon with the Champions.
STUDY / BOOK REVIEWS
1981:   Last Chance Match.
STUDY / ANNOTATED GAMES
1981:   Pay Me Now or Pay Me Later.
TACTICS / TAKING RISKS
1982:   Crawford and Beyond.
CUBE HANDLING / MATCH PLAY
1982:   Doubling the Player.
CUBE HANDLING / MISCELLANEOUS
1982:   Evaluating Match Equity.
CUBE HANDLING / MATCH EQUITIES
1982:   Kennedy and Papazian's Backgammon Master Games.
STUDY / BOOK REVIEWS
1982:   Programming Computers to Play Backgammon.
COMPUTERS / PROGRAMMING
1982:   Six Reasons Not to Double.
CUBE HANDLING / INTRODUCTION
1983:   Do You Know Your Ace-Point Game?.
TACTICS / ACE-POINT GAMES
1983:   Magriel-Magriel vs. Davis-Woolsey.
STUDY / ANNOTATED GAMES
1983:   The Expert's Error.
CUBE HANDLING / MISCELLANEOUS
1984:   Is It a Take?.
CUBE HANDLING / INTRODUCTION
1991:   The Doubling Rule.
CUBE HANDLING / INTRODUCTION
1992:   Inside the Database.
CUBE HANDLING / MATCH EQUITIES
1993:   The Ultimate Pip Count.
CUBE HANDLING / RACES
1994:   Annotated Match: Kit Woolsey vs. Jeremy Bagai.
STUDY / ANNOTATED GAMES
1996:   Ortega and Madrigal's Backgammon: Costa Rica 1994.
STUDY / BOOK REVIEWS
1996:   The Chess Clock.
COMPETITION / TOURNAMENTS
1999:   Breaking Up Is Hard to Do.
STRATEGY / HOLDING GAMES
1999:   Crawford and Beyond.
CUBE HANDLING / MATCH PLAY
1999:   Doubling Theory.
CUBE HANDLING / CUBE THEORY
1999:   Five Point Match.
CUBE HANDLING / MATCH PLAY
1999:   Lifeline of a Back Game.
STRATEGY / BACK GAMES
1999:   Positioning the Cue Ball.
STRATEGY / VISION
1999:   Quiz Problems.
STUDY / QUIZZES
1999:   Threading the Needle.
CUBE HANDLING / INTRODUCTION
1999:   Viva Las Vegas.
STUDY / CUBE PROBLEMS
1999:   When in Rome.
STRATEGY / BASIC STRATEGY
1999:   Woolsey's Match Equity Table.
CUBE HANDLING / MATCH EQUITIES
2000:   Clocks in Backgammon.
COMPETITION / TOURNAMENTS
2000:   Computers and Rollouts.
COMPUTERS / ROLLOUTS
2000:   Creating Problems.
STRATEGY / EARLY GAME
2000:   Playing for the Gammon.
CUBE HANDLING / GOING FOR GAMMON
2000:   The Blitz.
CUBE HANDLING / BLITZES
2000:   The Other Side of the Board.
STRATEGY / EARLY GAME
2000:   Using the Bots.
STUDY / HOW TO IMPROVE
2001:   Backgammon Mathematics.
TACTICS / PROBABILITY
2001:   Extra Shots.
TACTICS / TAKING RISKS
2001:   Nackgammon.
GENERAL / VARIANTS
2001:   Only a 4-Cube.
CUBE HANDLING / MATCH PLAY
2001:   Reference Positions.
CUBE HANDLING / INTRODUCTION
2001:   Saving Sixes.
TACTICS / GENERAL TACTICS
2001:   Sixteen Cube.
STUDY / CUBE PROBLEMS
2001:   Snowie Equities.
CUBE HANDLING / MATCH EQUITIES
2001:   The Frozen Cube.
CUBE HANDLING / MATCH PLAY
2001:   The Most Common Error.
STRATEGY / VISION
2001:   What's Your Game Plan?.
STRATEGY / VISION
2001:   When God is Wrong.
STUDY / CHECKER PROBLEMS
2002:   Bearing in Safely.
TACTICS / RACING
2002:   Breaking the Anchor.
STRATEGY / HOLDING GAMES
2002:   Containment.
TACTICS / CONTAINMENT
2002:   Duplication.
TACTICS / DUPLICATION
2002:   Memoriable Weekend.
CUBE HANDLING / MATCH PLAY
2002:   Oink Oink!.
TACTICS / PLAYING FOR/SAVING GAMMON
2002:   Pro Am 2002.
STUDY / CUBE PROBLEMS
2002:   The European Split.
TACTICS / GENERAL TACTICS
2002:   The Squeeze Play.
TACTICS / GENERAL TACTICS
2003:   Avoiding Burger King.
STRATEGY / VISION
2003:   Inducing Cube Errors.
CUBE HANDLING / MISCELLANEOUS
2003:   The Ace Point.
TACTICS / GENERAL TACTICS
2003:   The Racer's Edge.
TACTICS / RACING
2003:   The Random Point.
TACTICS / CONTAINMENT
2003:   Two Away Three Away.
CUBE HANDLING / MATCH PLAY
2003:   Vegas 2003.
STUDY / CUBE PROBLEMS
2003:   Volatility.
CUBE HANDLING / MISCELLANEOUS
2006:   MatchQiz Demo Match.
STUDY / ANNOTATED GAMES
2008:   Clocks in Backgammon.
COMPETITION / TOURNAMENTS
Y
Yahoo Games
1999:   Introduction to Backgammon Strategy.
STRATEGY / BASIC STRATEGY
Yanko, V.H.
1981:   Complete Backgammon Bibliography.
STUDY / BOOK LISTS
Youngerman, Hank
1999:   Basic Probabilities, Dice, and the Doubling Cube.
TACTICS / PROBABILITY
1999:   Becoming a Better Player.
STUDY / HOW TO IMPROVE
1999:   Doubling Theory and Market Losers.
CUBE HANDLING / CUBE THEORY
1999:   Doubling Windows and Special Doubling Situations.
CUBE HANDLING / MATCH PLAY
1999:   Match Equity and Doubling Windows.
CUBE HANDLING / MATCH PLAY
1999:   Online Chouettes.
COMPETITION / CHOUETTES
2000:   Reference Positions.
CUBE HANDLING / INTRODUCTION
2001:   Backgammon, Gambling on Luck or Gambling on Skill.
COMPETITION / LUCK VS SKILL
2001:   Online Backgammon Dice.
COMPUTERS / COMPUTER DICE
2002:   Basic Backgammon Strategies.
STRATEGY / BASIC STRATEGY
2002:   Doubling Cube Strategy.
CUBE HANDLING / INTRODUCTION
2002:   RedTop's Backgammon Tips.
STUDY / TIPS
Z
Zadeh, Norman
1977:   On Doubling in Tournament Backgammon.
MISCELLANEOUS / ACADEMIC PAPERS
1977:   On Optimal Doubling in Backgammon.
CUBE HANDLING / CUBE THEORY
Zamanian, Alex
2000:   Taking a Big Step Forward.
STRATEGY / OPENINGS
2001:   Priming vs. Splitting in the Opening.
STRATEGY / PRIMING GAMES
Zare, Douglas
2000:   A Measure of Luck.
COMPETITION / LUCK VS SKILL
2000:   Backgammon Ends.
MISCELLANEOUS / MATHEMATICS OF BACKGAMMON
2000:   Hedging Toward Skill.
COMPETITION / LUCK VS SKILL
2000:   The Half-Crossover Pipcount.
CUBE HANDLING / PIP COUNTING
2001:   Burying vs. Bearing In.
TACTICS / RACING
2001:   Gammon Price.
TACTICS / PLAYING FOR/SAVING GAMMON
2001:   Ratings: A Mathematical Study.
COMPETITION / RATINGS
2002:   Rollouts.
COMPUTERS / ROLLOUTS
2003:   The Effective Pip Count.
CUBE HANDLING / RACES
2003:   Woolsey's Rule in Match Play.
CUBE HANDLING / MATCH PLAY
2004:   Undefined Equity.
MISCELLANEOUS / MATHEMATICS OF BACKGAMMON
2006:   Normalizing Errors.
COMPUTERS / ANALYZING ERRORS
2007:   Late Loose Hits.
TACTICS / HITTING
2008:   Wrong Match Equity Table.
CUBE HANDLING / MATCH EQUITIES
2010:   Desperate Races and Kleinman Race Count.
CUBE HANDLING / RACES
2011:   Across the Scores.
CUBE HANDLING / MATCH PLAY
2011:   Dangerous Redoubles.
CUBE HANDLING / MATCH PLAY
Ç
Çağman, Naim
2008:   How to play NC-Backgammon.
GENERAL / VARIANTS
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Last updated: 24 May 2017